Glossary

  1. Abiotic stress factors
  2. Abundance
  3. ADI value
  4. Agar-Agar
  5. Agrobacterium tumefaciens
  6. Alleles
  7. Allergen
  8. Allergy
  9. Allogamy
  10. Amino Acids
  11. Ampicillin Resistance
  12. Amylose, Amylopectin (starch)
  13. Androgenesis
  14. Anther
  15. Antibiotic Resistance Gene
  16. Antibodies
  17. Antioxidants
  18. Antisense Technique
  19. Apoplast
  20. Apple powdery mildew (true mildew)
  21. Apple scab
  22. Arabidopsis (Thale cress)
  23. Arthropods
  24. Autogamy
  25. Azo dyes
  26. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)
  27. Bacterial conjugation
  28. Bacteriophages or phages
  29. Baculoviruses
  30. Bases
  31. Bioassay
  32. Biopolymers
  33. Biotic stress factors
  34. Bolter
  35. Bt protein; also Bt toxin
  36. C4 plants
  37. Callus, also: microcallus
  38. Carbohydrates
  39. Carotenoids
  40. Cartagena Protocol
  41. Celiac Disease
  42. Chitinase
  43. Chloroplasts
  44. Chromosome
  45. Cisgenic plants
  46. Cleistocarpy
  47. Clone Library
  48. Clones
  49. Coexistence
  50. Coleoptera
  51. Complementary Herbicide
  52. Confinement
  53. Corn Borer
  54. Corn root worm
  55. Cyanophycin
  56. Cytoplasm
  57. Delayed Maturity
  58. Deletion
  59. diploid
  60. DNA
  61. DNA methylation
  62. DNA microarray
  63. Dominant / recessive
  64. Dormancy
  65. Dot-blot hybridisation
  66. E. coli bacteria
  67. EFSA
  68. Electrophoresis
  69. Electroporation
  70. ELISA
  71. Embryo
  72. Emulsifier
  73. Emulsion
  74. Endophytes
  75. Enzyme
  76. Epigenetics
  77. Ergot
  78. Event
  79. Existing product
  80. Expression
  81. Exsudation
  82. Fatty Acids
  83. Fingerprinting
  84. Fire blight
  85. Fitness
  86. Flavonoids
  87. Food Intolerance
  88. Fructan
  89. Functional Foods
  90. Fungal Resistance
  91. Fungicide
  92. Fusaria
  93. Gametes
  94. Gene
  95. Gene Construct
  96. Gene locus
  97. Gene Pool
  98. Gene Silencing
  99. Gene Targeting
  100. Gene Transfer; horizontal and vertical
  101. Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
  102. Genome
  103. Genotype
  104. Glucanase
  105. Glufosinate
  106. Glutathione
  107. Glyphosate
  108. Golden Rice
  109. Habitats Directive
  110. Haploid
  111. Haploid breeding
  112. Herbicide
  113. Herbicide Resistance (Herbicide Tolerance)
  114. Heterologous Encapsidation (Transcapsidation)
  115. Heterosis Effect
  116. Heterozygous
  117. Histones
  118. Homologous chromosomes
  119. Homology
  120. Homozygous
  121. Human Genome Project
  122. Hybrid; Hybrid Cultivar
  123. Hybridisation
  124. Hydrogenation
  125. Hypoallergenic Food
  126. Hypocotyl
  127. Immunglobulins (Ig), also: IgE Antibodies
  128. In vitro
  129. Inoculation
  130. Insect Resistance
  131. Insecticide
  132. Insertion
  133. Integration
  134. Inulin and Oligofructose
  135. Isogenic Line
  136. Kanamycin Resistance
  137. Lactose Intolerance
  138. LD50 value
  139. Lepidoptera
  140. Lignin
  141. Marker gene
  142. Meristem Culture
  143. Microinjection
  144. Microsatellites
  145. Mitochondria
  146. Modification
  147. Molecular Farming
  148. Molecular markers
  149. Molecular Pharming
  150. Monitoring
  151. Morphology
  152. Mutagenesis
  153. Mutation
  154. Mycorrhizal Fungi
  155. Mycotoxins
  156. Natura 2000 areas
  157. Nematodes
  158. Neophyte
  159. Non-target Organisms
  160. Novel Foods
  161. Nuclear Transfer
  162. Nucleic Acid
  163. Oligofructose
  164. Oligonucleotides
  165. Out-crossing
  166. Parasites and parasitoids
  167. Parthenocarpy
  168. Particle gun;Biolistic gun
  169. pat Gene
  170. Pathogenic
  171. PCR; polymerase chain reaction
  172. Peptide
  173. Phenotype
  174. Phenylketonuria
  175. Phloem
  176. Phytohormones
  177. Phytopathology; phytopathogenic
  178. Phytophthora infestans, also: late blight
  179. Phytoremediation
  180. Plant protection products
  181. Plant secondary metabolites
  182. Plasmid
  183. Plastid transformation
  184. Plastids
  185. Pleiotropy; pleiotropic effects
  186. Plot
  187. Polyploidy
  188. Population dynamics
  189. Predators
  190. Primer
  191. Processing Aids
  192. Promoter
  193. Proteins
  194. Proteome
  195. Protoplasts
  196. Pseudoallergy
  197. Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL)
  198. Recombination
  199. Refining
  200. Refugia
  201. Regeneration
  202. Release
  203. Renewable raw materials
  204. Reporter Gene
  205. Restriction Enzyme
  206. Rhizobia, also: root nodule bacteria
  207. Rhizodermis
  208. Rhizomania
  209. Rhizosphere
  210. Ribosome inhibiting proteins
  211. Ribosomes
  212. Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase
  213. RNA
  214. RNAi; RNA interference
  215. Ruderal sites
  216. Running wild
  217. Saccharides
  218. Scoring
  219. Segregation
  220. Selection
  221. Sequence Analysis
  222. Smart breeding; Precision breeding
  223. Somaclonal Variation
  224. Somatic embryos
  225. Southern Hybridisation
  226. Splicing
  227. Starch
  228. Starch saccharification
  229. Stem Cells
  230. Sterility
  231. Substantial equivalence
  232. Sugar Substitutes
  233. Sustainability
  234. Sweetener
  235. Symbiosis
  236. Symplast
  237. T-DNA
  238. Threshold value
  239. TILLING
  240. Traceability
  241. Transcription
  242. Transcriptome
  243. Transformation
  244. Transgene
  245. Transient Gene Expression
  246. Translation
  247. Transplastomic, also: transplastome
  248. Transposons / Transposable Elements
  249. Trichogramma
  250. Trypsin Inhibitor
  251. Unique Identifier
  252. Variety
  253. Vector
  254. Vegetative propagation
  255. Viral recombination
  256. Virus resistance
  257. Wild type
  258. Xenotransplantation
  259. Zero tolerance
  260. Zygote